Over global supply chains you can get in cell phones and cars, and at the worst you will be contributing to the financing of burger wars and human rights violations – so-called conflict minerals such as tin, tantalum, tungsten and gold. The european union wants to ensure from the year 2021 with new duties for importers that the origin of the raw materials, which are processed in europe is clean. Also in germany, a new control body was created, called decor (german control body of eu dasks in raw materials).
"The problem of conflict minerals has been known for more than 20 years", says decor matthias beier. He explains that the degradation of tin, tantalum, tungsten and gold is particularly consistent for human rights violations. "This is mainly because this geret will be reduced in non-industrial miniature." at tantalum, the trap in more than 60 percent, at tin in about 50 percent. For gold and tungsten, the quotas are lower, yet there are risks such as illegal duties, low working standards, degradation in hand or even child labor. More particularly affected are poor lander in africa, asia and central and sud america.
List of conflict areas
In order to provide the importers an orientation to which regions it is precisely, the eu wants to announce a non-binding list of conflict areas at the end of this year. Among other things, the requirements for companies pay a risk assessment of the entire supply chain and strategies for reducing these risks and independent auditing.
"This is a small quantum leap that companies have to deserve these obligations to the country of origin", says baier. In force, the eu regulation for conflict minerals has been since 2017, active offspring the importers must only be 2021.
A lot of paper work, a lot of knowledge
"This is an almost four-year transitional period that enforced the industrial associations", says baier. "This is partially lacking, because such a risk management system is not constructed in two weeks, on the other hand, that’s a lot of time." the deceased wants to observe compliance with risk-based controls. This is called: "it’s a difference whether you import from canada or from the congo", explains baier.
Practically, the controls meant a lot of paper work, but also required a lot of knowledge. Baier speaks of his own experience, he has been working for more than ten years with the certification of conflict minerals. "I know very carefully how the conditions in countries like the congo are where care may be well maintained and where not." however, the deceasers representatives – a seven-headed team in hannover – do not drive themselves into the mines, but check the information of the companies based on documents and by means of partners on site.
The first controls are planned for 2022. Ach 150 affected importers has identified the deceased by customs data in germany. An elevated balance of controls should be presented publicly. "We can not call the companies, but become unknown", insured baier. It is also conceivable that the list of controlled raw material supply chains is soon expanded – such as cobalt, which is required, among other things, for the batteries of electric cars. "The eu regulation is evaluated in 2023", says baier. "It could be good that cobalt is then absorbed."